“Eventually I found a seat overlooking the old docks and ordered a Campari and orange. The waiter looked bemused and I felt the need to justify myself, explaining I’d often drunk Campari like that, and thought fresh orange juice and ice its ideal companions in a glass. His face lit up and he said, “Ah, we call that a Garibaldi!”
The Land where Lemons Grow, Helena Attlee
Attlee goes on to describe the waiter mixing the drink – blood orange juice and Campari, ice, and ‘a twist of orange peel as long and fine as a shoelace. The cocktail gets its name because it is an in-your-face scarlet which calls to mind the colour of the shirts worn by the camicie rosse, the thousand volunteers who made up Garibaldi’s army, and one of whom, a doctor, was one of my ancestors. She describes the drink as ‘unification in a glass’, combining as it does the blood oranges of Sicily with the characteristic bitter taste contributed by the chinotto, a native of Liguria, right up in the north of Italy next to Piedmont.
This crunchy Sicilian sorbet version of the Garibaldi makes a refreshing end to a rich meal (a Valentine’s dinner for two with a fennel and prawn starter, and venison in pastry with sweetheart cabbage and cranberries as the main course) – the bitterness of the Campari balances out the sweetness of the sorbet. Do not be tempted to try it with ordinary orange juice, it just doesn’t work, although the marriage of non-blood orange juice and Campari is successful as a refreshing, not too alcoholic cocktail – mix three parts orange juice to one part Campari.
This recipe produces enough sorbet and biscuits for four, but of course the sorbet freezes… and the biscuits keep well in an airtight container, so divide everything in two and enjoy it all again the following week. It’s included in the ‘watching the dosh’ category because although the Campari costs about £15 a bottle, you don’t need that much of it, and the rest of the ingredients are not expensive. Of course, you can experiment – for example I read recently that Skye Gyngell has recently devised a version of this using mandarin and pomegranate juice instead of the blood orange. The physalis, incidentally, tastes delicious dipped into melted chocolate…
The fashion designer Dries Van Noten, has a secret talent for making a Negroni jelly. If you don’t want a sorbet, forget the freezing and simply add gelatine.
- 2 cups/500ml blood orange juice
- 1 cup/200g caster sugar
- ½ cup/120ml Campari
- 1 x orange (normal or blood) – zest
- 1 x lemon – juice
- a few drops of orange bitters
- 4 x physalis (aka cape gooseberry) if you are feeling flamboyant – otherwise you could use mint
for the biscuits:
- 1 x orange (normal or blood) – zest plus the zest from half the lemon used above, and one tbsp of the juice
- three fifths of a pack/5 oz/150g butter
- ⅓cup/80g caster sugar
- 1 cup/150g/6 oz self-raising flour (or 1 cup plain flour and 2 tsp baking powder)
- whisk the blood orange juice and the sugar together and then mix in everything else
- pour into a shallow ice tray and put into the freezer for about half an hour until it is beginning to go slushy
- take it out, put it into a bowl and beat (you are trying to prevent crystals from forming)
- return to the freezer
- take it out of the freezer and put in glasses, garnished with the physalis, and with the crunchy zest biscuits ten minutes before serving (otherwise it is too hard)
to make the biscuits:
- preheat the oven to 180°C (use bottom right baking oven of aga)
- in a big mixing bowl beat the two zests into the butter
- add the sugar and beat again until smooth
- sift in the flour and salt (and baking powder if you are using plain flour) and mix
- slowly mix in the orange juice
- form into small balls, and flatten onto a greased baking sheet (or one covered with bake-o-glide) – they’ll be about 2”/5cm in diameter
- bake until a pale golden colour, about 15 minutes
© 2014 Saucy Dressings
The story of the arrival of Garibaldi and his thousand in Sicily and the effect of the changing times on an aristocratic family there is a classic of Italian history – Il Gattopardo (The Leopard) by Giuseppe di Lampedusa, highly recommended. The film is also excellent, albeit by now also a classic itself now, it was made in 1963. See a clip below.
Garibaldi was a charismatic leader – his military triumphs, his flambouyant clothing, his piercing gaze and luxuriant beard made him one of the first celebrity leaders in a time when the media was just getting into its stride. If you are interested in that side of him Garibaldi: Invention of a Hero by Lucy Riall is worth reading.